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Disability & HR: Tips for Human Resource Professionals

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Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA)

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), passed in 1990, is legislation that is intended to "establish a clear and comprehensive prohibition of discrimination on the basis of disability" and to ensure access and participation in society for persons with disabilities. The statute is specifically directed at employment, public accommodations, public services (i.e., services delivered by state and local governments), transportation, and telecommunications. Title I of the ADA prohibits employers with 15 or more employees from discriminating against qualified persons with disabilities in all terms, conditions, and privileges of employment, including recruitment, pre-employment screening, hiring, benefits, promotions, layoff, and termination. The ADA also applies to labor organizations, employment agencies, and joint-management committees.

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